If you ever feel that someone may be trying to break into your FTP or IIS server or know an IP address that you want to block from accessing your server there is a built in firewall on all of our 2008-2012 Windows servers. You can use this firewall to block either a range of IP addresses or a single address. Turning Windows Firewall On
A firewall profile is a way of grouping settings, such as firewall rules and connection security rules, which are applied to the computer depending on where the computer is connected. On computers running this version of Windows, there are three profiles for Windows Firewall with Advanced Security:
- Domain Profile – Applied to a network adapter when it is connected to a network on which it can detect a domain controller of the domain to which the computer is joined.
- Private Profile – Applied to a network adapter when it is connected to a network that is identified by the user or administrator as a private network. A private network is one that is not connected directly to the Internet, but is behind some kind of security device, such as a network address translation (NAT) router or hardware firewall. For example, this could be a home network, or a business network that does not include a domain controller. The Private profile settings should be more restrictive than the Domain profile settings.
- Public Profile – Applied to a network adapter when it is connected to a public network such as those available in airports and coffee shops. When the profile is not set to Domain or Private, the default profile is Public. The Public profile settings should be the most restrictive because the computer is connected to a public network where the security cannot be controlled. For example, a program that accepts inbound connections from the Internet (like a file sharing program) may not work in the Public profile because the Windows Firewall default setting will block all inbound connections to programs that are not on the list of allowed programs.